Mortimer J. Adler, Robert M. Hutchins's A Gateway to the Great Books, Volumes 1-10 PDF

By Mortimer J. Adler, Robert M. Hutchins

Gateway to the good Books is a 10-volume sequence of books initially released by means of Encyclopædia Britannica Inc. in 1963 and edited via Mortimer Adler and Robert Maynard Hutchins. The set was once designed as an advent to the good Books of the Western global, released by means of an analogous association and editors in 1952. The set incorporated choices - brief tales, performs, essays, letters, and extracts from longer works - by means of a couple of hundred authors. the choices have been typically shorter and in many ways easier than the full-length books integrated within the nice Books.

Contents
Volume 1: advent; Syntopical Guide

* A letter to the reader
* Introduction
* Syntopical guide
* Appendices
o A plan of graded reading
o advised novels
o prompt anthologies of poetry

Volume 2: inventive Literature I

* Daniel Defoe, Excerpts from Robinson Crusoe
* Rudyard Kipling, "Mowgli's Brothers" from The Jungle Book
* Victor Hugo, "The conflict with the Cannon" from Ninety-Three
* man de Maupassant, "Two Friends"
* Ernest Hemingway, "The Killers" from males with out Women
* Sir Walter Scott, "The Drovers" from Chronicles of the Canongate
* Joseph Conrad, "Youth"
* Voltaire, Micromegas
* Oscar Wilde, "The chuffed Prince" from The chuffed Prince and different Tales
* Edgar Allan Poe, "The Tell-Tale Heart", "The Masque of the crimson Death"
* Robert Louis Stevenson, The unusual Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
* Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens), the fellow That Corrupted Hadleyburg
* Charles Dickens, "A complete and devoted file of the Memorable Trial of Bardell opposed to Pickwick" from The Pickwick Papers
* Nikolai Gogol, "The Overcoat"
* Samuel Butler, "Customs and critiques of the Erewhonians" from Erewhon
* Sherwood Anderson, "I'm a Fool"
* nameless, Aucassin and Nicolette

Volume three: imaginitive Literature II

* Stephen Crane, "The Open Boat"
* Herman Melville, "Billy Budd"
* Ivan Bunin, "The Gentleman from San Francisco"
* Nathaniel Hawthorne, "Rappaccini's Daughter"
* George Eliot, "The Lifted Veil"
* Lucius Apuleius, "Cupid and Psyche" from The Golden Ass
* Ivan Turgenev, "First Love"
* Fyodor Dostoevsky, "White Nights"
* John Galsworthy, "The Apple-Tree"
* Gustave Flaubert, "The Legend of St. Julian the Hospitaller"
* F. Scott Fitzgerald, "The Diamond as sizeable because the Ritz"
* Honoré de Balzac, "A ardour within the Desert"
* Anton Chekhov, "The Darling"
* Isaac Singer, "The Spinoza of industry Street"
* Alexander Pushkin, "The Queen of Spades"
* D. H. Lawrence, "The Rocking-Horse Winner"
* Henry James, "The Pupil"
* Thomas Mann, "Mario and the Magician"
* Isak Dinesen, "Sorrow-Acre"
* Leo Tolstoy, "The loss of life of Ivan Ilyitch", "The 3 Hermits", "What males dwell By"

Volume four: ingenious Literature III

* Molière, The Misanthrope, The health care professional regardless of Himself
* Richard Sheridan, the varsity for Scandal
* Henrik Ibsen, An Enemy of the People
* Anton Chekhov, The Cherry Orchard
* George Bernard Shaw, the fellow of Destiny
* John Synge, Riders to the Sea
* Eugene O'Neill, The Emperor Jones

Volume five: severe Essays

* Virginia Woolf, "How may still One learn a Book?"
* Matthew Arnold, "The research of Poetry", "Sweetness and Light"
* Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve, "What Is a Classic?", "Montaigne"
* Francis Bacon, "Of Beauty", "Of Discourse", "Of Studies"
* David Hume, "Of the traditional of Taste"
* Arthur Schopenhauer, "On Style", "On a few sorts of Literature", "On the Comparative position of curiosity and sweetness in Works of Art"
* Friedrich Schiller, "On easy and nostalgic Poetry"
* Percy Bysshe Shelley, "A Defence of Poetry"
* Walt Whitman, Preface to Leaves of Grass
* William Hazlitt, "My First Acquaintance with Poets", "On Swift", "Of individuals One would want to Have Seen"
* Charles Lamb, "My First Play", "Dream little ones, a Reverie", "Sanity of real Genius"
* Samuel Johnson, Preface to Shakespeare
* Thomas de Quincey, Literature of data and Literature of Power", "On the Knocking on the Gate in Macbeth"
* T. S. Eliot, "Dante", "Tradition and the person Talent"

Volume 6: guy and Society I

* John Stuart Mill, "Childhood and Youth" from Autobiography
* Mark Twain, "Learning the River" from lifestyles at the Mississippi
* Jean de l. a. Bruyere, "Characters" from A ebook of Characters
* Thomas Carlyle, 'The Hero as King" from On Heroes, Hero-Worship and the Heroic in History
* Ralph Waldo Emerson, "Thoreau"
* Nathaniel Hawthorne, "Sketch of Abraham Lincoln"
* Walt Whitman, "Death of Abraham Lincoln"
* Virginia Woolf, "The paintings of Biography"
* Xenophon, "The March to the Sea" from The Persian day trip, "The personality of Socrates" from Memorabilia
* William H. Prescott, "The Land of Montezuma" from The Conquest of Mexico
* Haniel lengthy, "The strength inside of Us"
* Pliny the more youthful, "The Eruption of Vesuvius"
* Tacitus, "The lifetime of Gnaeus Julius Agricola"
* Francois Guizot, "Civilization" from background of Civilization in Europe
* Henry Adams, "The usa in 1800" from historical past of the U.S. of America
* John Bagnell Bury, "Herodotus" from the traditional Greek Historians
* Lucian, "The approach to Write History"
* nice Documents
o The English invoice of Rights
o announcement of the Rights of guy and of the Citizen
o The Virginia assertion of Rights
o The assertion of Independence
o constitution of the United Nations
o common statement of Human Rights
* Thomas Paine, "A name to Patriots - December 23, 1776"
* George Washington, "Circular Letter to the Governors of all of the States on Disbanding the Army", "The Farewell Address"
* Thomas Jefferson, "The Virginia Constitution" from Notes on Virginia, "First Inaugural Address", "Biographical Sketches"
* Benjamin Franklin, "A inspiration for selling helpful wisdom one of the British Plantations in America", "Proposals on the subject of the schooling of youngster in Pennsylvania"
* Jean de Crevecoeur, "The Making of Americans" from Letters from an American Farmer
* Alexis de Tocqueville, "Observations on American lifestyles and Government" from Democracy in America
* Henry David Thoreau,"Civil Disobedience", "A Plea for Captain John Brown"
* Abraham Lincoln, "Address at Cooper Institute", "First Inaugural Address", "Letter to Horace Greeley", "Meditation at the Divine Will", "The Gettysburg Address", "Second Inaugural Address", "Last Public Address"

Volume 7: guy and Society II

* Francis Bacon, "Of adolescence and Age", "Of mom and dad and Children", "Of Marriage and unmarried Life", "Of nice Place", "Of Seditions and Troubles", "Of customized and Education", "Of fans and Friends", "Of Usury", "Of Riches"
* Jonathan rapid, "Resolutions while I emerge as Old", "An Essay on sleek Education", "A Meditation upon a Broomstick", "A Modest concept for fighting the kids of eire from Being a Burden to Their mom and dad or Country"
* David Hume, "Of Refinement within the Arts", "Of Money", "Of the stability of Trade", "Of Taxes", "Of the research of History"
* Plutarch, "Of Bashfulness"
* Robert Louis Stevenson, "The Lantern-Bearers" from around the Plains
* John Ruskin, "An Idealist's Arraignment of the Age" from 4 Clavigera
* William James, "On a definite Blindness in Human Beings", "The Energies of Men", "Great males and Their Environment"
* Arthur Schopenhauer, "On Education"
* Michael Faraday, "Observations on psychological Education"
* Edmund Burke, "Letter to the Sheriffs of Bristol"
* John Calhoun, "The Concurrent Majority"
* Thomas Babington Macaulay, "Machiavelli"
* Voltaire, "English males and Ideas" from Letters at the English
* Dante, "On global Government" from De Monarchia
* Jean Jacques Rousseau, "A Lasting Peace in the course of the Federation of Europe"
* Immanuel Kant, "Perpetual Peace"
* Karl von Clausewitz, "What Is War?" from On War
* Thomas Robert Malthus, "The precept of Population" from inhabitants: the 1st Essay

Volume eight: common Science

* Francis Bacon, "The Sphinx"
* John Tyndall, "Michael Faraday" from Faraday as a Discoverer
* Eve Curie, "The Discovery of Radium" from Madame Curie
* Charles Darwin, "Autobiography"
* Jean Henri Fabre, "A Laboratory of the Open Fields", "The Sacred Beetle"
* Loren Eiseley, "On Time"
* Rachel Carson, "The Sunless Sea" from the ocean round Us
* J. B. S. Haldane, "On Being the proper Size" from attainable Worlds
* Thomas Henry Huxley, "On the family members of guy to the reduce Animals", "On a section of Chalk"
* Francis Galton, "The class of Human Ability" from Hereditary Genius
* Claude Bernard, "Experimental issues universal to dwelling issues and Inorganic Bodies"
* Ivan Pavlov, "Scientific research of the So-called Psychical strategies within the greater Animals"
* Friedrich Wohler, "On the synthetic construction of Urea"
* Charles Lyell, "Geological Evolution" from the rules of Geology
* Galileo, "The Starry Messenger"
* Tommaso Campanella, "Arguments for and opposed to Galileo" from The safety of Galileo
* Michael Faraday, The Chemical background of a Candle
* Dmitri Mendeleev, "The Genesis of a legislation of Nature" from The Periodic legislation of the Chemical Elements
* Hermann von Helmholtz, "On the Conservation of Force"
* Albert Einstein and Leopold Infeld, "The upward push and Decline of Classical Physics" from The Evolution of Physics
* Arthur Eddington, "The Running-Down of the Universe" from Nature and the actual World
* James denims, "Beginnings and Endings" from The Universe round Us
* Kees Boeke, "Cosmic View"

Volume nine: Mathematics

* Lancelot Hogben, "Mathematics, the replicate of Civilization" from arithmetic for the Million
* Andrew Russell Forsyth, "Mathematics, in lifestyles and Thought"
* Alfred North Whitehead, "On Mathematical Method", "On the character of a Calculus"
* Bertrand Russell, "The learn of Mathematics", "Mathematics and the Metaphysicians", "Definition of Number"
* Edward Kasner and James R. Newman, "New Names for Old", "Beyond the Googol"
* Tobias Dantzig, "Fingerprints", "The Empty Column"
* Leonhard Euler, "The Seven Bridges of Konigsberg"
* Norman Robert Campbell, "Measurement", "Numerical legislation and using arithmetic in Science"
* William Clifford, "The Postulates of the technology of Space" from the commonsense of the precise Sciences
* Henri Poincaré, "Space", "Mathematical Creation", "Chance"
* Pierre Simon de Laplace, "Probability" from A Philosophical Essay on Probabilities
* Charles Sanders Peirce, "The pink and the Black"

Volume 10: Philosophical Essays

* John Erskine, "The ethical legal responsibility to Be Intelligent"
* William Clifford, "The Ethics of Belief"
* William James, "The Will to Believe", "The Sentiment of Rationality"
* John Dewey, "The technique of Thought" from How We Think
* Epicurus, "Letter to Herodotus", "Letter to Menoeceus"
* Epictetus, The Enchiridion
* Walter Pater, "The paintings of Life" from The Renaissance
* Plutarch, "Contentment"
* Cicero, "On Friendship", "On outdated Age"
* Francis Bacon, "Of Truth", "Of Death", "Of Adversity", "Of Love", "Of Friendship", "Of Anger"
* George Santayana, "Lucretius", "Goethe's Faust"
* Henry Adams, "St. Thomas Aquinas" from Mont-Saint-Michel and Chartres
* Voltaire, "The Philosophy of universal Sense"
* John Stuart Mill, "Nature"
* Ralph Waldo Emerson, "Nature", "Self-Reliance", "Montaigne; or, the Skeptic"
* William Hazlitt, "On the sensation of Immortality in Youth"
* Thomas Browne, "Immortality" from Urn-Burial

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Additional info for A Gateway to the Great Books, Volumes 1-10

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Necessity? Law? Justice? Equality? Slavery? Government? The State? Society? Happiness? Pursuing these ideas through the Great Books of the Western World—the passages dealing with them are all indexed under these terms in the Syntopicon—we are sooner or later drawn to almost every one of the other great ideas. And nowhere is the dispute among thinkers hotter than it is in connection with this one concept, liberty. 46 Gateway to the Great Books Most of the works in Volumes 6 and 7 of Gateway to the Great Books deal with liberty, as do many of the writings in the other volumes.

Consider, for example, the Nazi invasion of Poland on September 1, 1939, which followed a number of clashes on the border between the two countries. Hitler was clearly the aggressor on that day and subsequently, but he and his followers claimed that the Poles had attacked them and that they were defending their country. The truth not only includes, but includes above all else, the real attitude and intentions of the German and Polish leaders and the sentiments of the two peoples, and such definitive things are so close to impossible to know (even if there are written records purporting to reveal them) that they probably will be argued by historians to the end of time.

True, there have been occasional hermits or “solitaries,” whether by their own intent or, like Robinson Crusoe, accidentally, but they have come out of the society to which people generally belong. Being by nature a member of a community, the individual does not, and normally cannot, set up personal standards of thought or conduct without reference to others. Human history is the history of individuals whose lives mold, and are molded by, the community. Nor is it a mere relationship, like that of a citizen and the government, or even that of a husband and wife, a relationship of independent entities which may be broken leaving each of them intact.

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A Gateway to the Great Books, Volumes 1-10 by Mortimer J. Adler, Robert M. Hutchins


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