By Alain Badiou
Publish 12 months note: First released in 1998
Une exigence fondamentale de l. a. pensée contemporaine est d'en finir avec los angeles « philosophie politique ».
Qu'est-ce que l. a. philosophie politique ? Son opération centrale est de ramener los angeles politique à l'exercice du « libre jugement » et de l. a. « dialogue », dans un espace public où ne comptent en définitive que les opinions.
On sait que, bien avant d'être arendtien, ou kantien, le thème de l'opposition irréductible de los angeles vérité et de l'opinion est platonicien. Ce qui, en revanche, n'est pas platonicien est l'idée que los angeles politique serait ainsi éternellement vouée à l'opinion, éternellement disjointe de toute vérité.
Sauf pour qui pense que le commentaire de bistrot, ou l. a. dialog entre amis, constitue « l'essence même de los angeles vie politique », il est en effet clair que le conflit des critiques n'est politique qu'autant qu'il se cristallise dans une décision. l. a. query d'une attainable vérité politique doit alors être examinée non du seul element de l. a. « dialogue », mais dans le processus complexe qui noue l. a. dialogue à l. a. décision.
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4 billion for a 20 per cent share in the new company formed out of Nasdaq’s takeover of Nordic stock exchange group OMX AB, as well as acquiring Nasdaq’s 28 per cent stake in the London Stock Exchange. Qatar has also invested in the European exchanges through the QIA, as well as acquiring a 25 per cent stake in British supermarket chain Sainsbury’s in 2007 and buying the London department store Harrods outright for over $2 billion in 2010. This new expansion by investors from emerging economies is still in its infancy when compared to the historical transnationalisation of capital from the global North.
49 Now, however, as emerging economies begin to build their own global empires, there is a need to reassess both the North-South framework and the assumptions that go with it. 51 Not only does the concept allow for the possibility of graduation from the periphery over time, but it also highlights current differences between countries of the South according to their status in the world economy. Indeed, a defining characteristic of semiperipheral states is that they accumulate capital through their appropriation of surplus from the periphery, even as they also cede capital by the same token to the countries of the core.
2 billion, and also bought the two Canadian companies Tanganyika Oil and Daylight Energy for $2 billion each, in 2008 and 2011 respectively. China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC), China’s largest offshore oil and gas producer, concluded its $2 billion acquisition of distressed energy company OPTI Canada in summer 2011, giving it a 35 per cent stake in the Long Lake tar sands project in Alberta. That deal was subsequently eclipsed by CNOOC’s $15 billion takeover of the Canadian company operating the Long Lake project, Nexen, in February 2013.
Abrégé de métapolitique (L'ordre philosophique) by Alain Badiou