By Ulrich Rudolph
Ulrich Rudolph, collage of Zurich, translated via Rodrigo Adem, college of Chicago
Al-Māturīdī (d. 944 CE), the sought after Hanafi student from Samarqand, succeeded in formulating a theological doctrine that is commonly authorized in Sunni Islam to today. the current quantity that is a revised English translation of the German unique released in 1997 examines his teachings via describing their crucial features and situating them within the background of kalām.
Part one investigates the advance of Hanafi idea in Transoxania sooner than Māturīdī's time. half offers with the opposite spiritual teams (in specific the Mu'tazilites) which emerged during this sector in the course of his lifetime. half 3 exhibits how he defined and defended the location of his predecessors; in doing so, he reformed their conventional perspectives, thereby constructing his personal theology which then grew to become the foundation of a brand new culture, viz. the Māturīdite college.
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Extra info for Al-Māturīdī and the Development of Sunnī Theology in Samarqand
28 A summary of this is to be found in van Ess, Theologie, vol. 1, 200ff. 3–12. In an Istanbul manuscript there is another riwāya preserved; see van Ess, Theologie, vol. 1, 193. -1f. also names Abū Yūsuf as a transmitter of the Risāla, on him see gas, vol. ; J. Schacht, “Abū Yūsuf,” ei2, vol. ; Flügel, 282ff. 10; on him see Ibn Abī l-Wafāʾ, vol. ; gas, vol. 1, 435. THE FOUNDATION AND ESTABLISHMENT OF ḤANAFITE THEOLOGY 31 b. Yaḥyā l-Faqīh32 is named as a transmitter, which can only mean Nuṣayr b.
For a detailed analysis of the text see van Ess, Theologie, vol. 1, 194ff. 44 The fact that Abū Ḥanīfa keeps in mind that his views could be misunderstood as Muʿtazilite or Khārijite (cf. 9–19) also speaks against the possibility of such a background for ʿUthmān al-Battī. 45 On his schooling in fiqh see Ibn Qutayba, K. al-Maʿārif, ed. 10; Ibn Ḥajar al-ʿAsqalānī, Tahdhīb al-tahdhīb (Hyderabad, 1325–27/repr. Beirut, 1968) vol. 7, 153 ult. ; al-Dhahabī, al-Mushtabih fī l-rijāl: asmāʾihim wa-ansābihim, ed.
Abd al-ʿAzīz Muṣtafā l-Marāghī (Cairo, 1366/1947), vol. 5f. and al-Dhahabi, Mīzān al-iʿtidāl fī naqd al-rijāl, ed. ʿAlī Muḥammad al-Bajāwī (Cairo, 1381/1963), vol. 3, 53. THE FOUNDATION AND ESTABLISHMENT OF ḤANAFITE THEOLOGY 33 This criticism on the part of the ḥadīth transmitters was provoked by the question of “faith” or “belief” (īmān). They were not willing to exclude actions from its definition as the Murjiʾites had done, but insisted that belief grew through good deeds and decreased through bad ones.
Al-Māturīdī and the Development of Sunnī Theology in Samarqand by Ulrich Rudolph