By J. Alan Maschek, Bill J. Baker (auth.), Dr. Charles D. Amsler (eds.)
This is the 1st ever publication dedicated solely to the chemical ecology of algae. Algae from either marine and freshwater habitats are lined, as are macroalgae (seaweeds) and microalgae (including phytoplankton). whereas its major emphasis is at the ecological instead of chemical elements of the sphere, the ebook additionally incorporates a targeted introductory bankruptcy meant as a primer on algal average items chemistry for ecologists. It elucidates the jobs of chemical defenses in a number of areas and habitats, of DMSP, oxidative burst responses, and herbivore offense. subject matters resembling algal sensory chemical ecology and defenses opposed to ultraviolet radiation also are handled, and an advent to the chemical ecology of phytoplankton is provided.
Focusing on fresh advances and likewise on themes rather important for undergraduate and graduate point classes, Algal Chemical Ecology is designed for study biologists operating within the box in addition to marine ecologists and algal biologists looking an introductory guide.
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Additional resources for Algal Chemical Ecology
P. da Gama test this assumption are still lacking. For example, selective consumption of palatable macroalgae by herbivorous fishes can remove potential competitors and favor the establishment and/or proliferation of unpalatable or chemically defended macroalgae. But how will this story play out? Littler et al.
2007). Microalgae produce many potent natural products in the form of complex polycyclic polyethers, a type of polyketide. The ladder-like polyether brevetoxin B (Fig. 8a) (Lin et al. 1981) is representative of a host of such toxins, which include ciguatoxin (Scheuer et al. 1967), yessotoxin (Murata et al. 1987), maitotoxin (Murata et al. 1993), gambieric acids (Murata et al. 1992), and azaspiracid (Satake et al. 1998). Brevetoxin B, one of the causitive agents of red tide poisoning, can be isolated from 1 The Chemistry of Algal Secondary Metabolism 19 the cultured dinoflagellate Karenia brevis (formerly known as Gymnodinium breve, Ptychodiscus brevis) or from shellfish which accumulate red tide toxins from their dinoflagellate diet.
The neurological disease that results from human consumption of brevetoxins is know as neurotoxic shellfish posioning (NSP) and results from the toxins binding to voltage-gated sodium channels in nerve cells (Poli et al. 1989). Prorocentrolide (Fig. 8b) is a polyketide polyether with a basic iminonitrogen (Torigoe et Al. 1988) and is representative of the nonladder dinoflagellate polyketide toxins, other members of which include amphidinolides (Kobayashi et al. 1986), zooxanthellatoxins (Nakamura et al.
Algal Chemical Ecology by J. Alan Maschek, Bill J. Baker (auth.), Dr. Charles D. Amsler (eds.)