By Carina Hoorn, Frank Wesselingh
The ebook makes a speciality of geological historical past because the severe think about making a choice on the current biodiversity and landscapes of Amazonia. the various riding mechanisms for panorama evolution are explored through reviewing the historical past of the Amazonian Craton, the linked sedimentary basins, and the position of mountain uplift and weather swap.
This e-book provdes an perception into the Meso- and Cenozoic list of Amazonia that used to be characterised by way of fluvial and long-lived lake platforms and a hugely varied wildlife. This fauna comprises giants akin to the ca. 12 m lengthy caiman Purussaurus, but additionally a diversified fish fauna and fragile molluscs, while fossil pollen and spores shape relics of ancestral swamps and rainforests.
eventually, a assessment the molecular datasets of the fashionable Amazonian rainforest and aquatic environment, discussing the prospective family among the foundation of Amazonian species variety and the palaeogeographic, palaeoclimatic and palaeoenvironmental evolution of northern South the United States. The multidisciplinary strategy in comparing the historical past of Amazonia has led to a complete quantity that offers novel insights into the evolution of this region.Content:
Chapter One advent: Amazonia, panorama and Species Evolution (pages 1–6): Carina Hoorn and Frank P. Wesselingh
Chapter Geological Evolution of the Amazonian Craton (pages 7–28): Salomon B. Kroonenberg and Emond W. F. de Roever
Chapter 3 The Paleozoic Solimoes and Amazonas Basins and the Acre Foreland Basin of Brazil (pages 29–37): Joaquim Ribeiro Wanderley?Filho, Jaime Fernandes Eiras, Paulo Roberto da Cruz Cunha and Paulus H. van der Ven
Chapter 4 Tectonic historical past of the Andes and Sub?Andean Zones: Implications for the improvement of the Amazon Drainage Basin (pages 38–60): Andres Mora, Patrice child, Martin Roddaz, Mauricio Parra, Stephane Brusset, Wilber Hermoza and Nicolas Espurt
Chapter 5 Cenozoic Sedimentary Evolution of the Amazonian Foreland Basin process (pages 61–88): Martin Roddaz, Wilber Hermoza, Andres Mora, Patrice child, Mauricio Parra, Frederic Christophoul, Stephane Brusset and Nicolas Espurt
Chapter Six The Nazca Ridge and Uplift of the Fitzcarrald Arch: Implications for nearby Geology in Northern South the US (pages 89–100): Nicolas Espurt, Patrice child, Stephane Brusset, Martin Roddaz, Wilber Hermoza and Jocelyn Barbarand
Chapter Seven The Amazonian Craton and its impact on previous Fluvial platforms (Mesozoic?Cenozoic, Amazonia) (pages 101–122): Carina Hoorn, Martin Roddaz, Rodolfo Dino, Emilio Soares, Cornelius Uba, Diana Ochoa?Lozano and Russell Mapes
Chapter eight the advance of the Amazonian Mega?Wetland (Miocene; Brazil, Colombia, Peru, Bolivia) (pages 123–142): Carina Hoorn, Frank P. Wesselingh, Jussi Hovikoski and Javier Guerrero
Chapter nine Marine impact in Amazonia: facts from the Geological checklist (pages 143–161): Jussi Hovikoski, Frank P. Wesselingh, Matti Rasanen, Murray Gingras and Hubert B. Vonhof
Chapter 10 Megafan Environments in Northern South the United States and their effect on Amazon Neogene Aquatic Ecosystems (pages 162–184): M. Justin Wilkinson, Larry G. Marshall, John G. Lundberg and Mikhail H. Kreslavsky
Chapter eleven Long?Term panorama improvement tactics in Amazonia (pages 185–197): Georg Irion and Risto Kalliola
Chapter Twelve weather version in Amazonia in the course of the Neogene and the Quaternary (pages 199–210): Hubert B. Vonhof and Ron J.G. Kaandorp
Chapter 13 Modelling the reaction of Amazonian weather to the Uplift of the Andean Mountain variety (pages 211–222): Pierre Sepulchre, Lisa C. Sloan and Frederic Fluteau
Chapter Fourteen smooth Andean Rainfall edition in the course of ENSO Cycles and its impression at the Amazon Drainage Basin (pages 223–241): Bodo Bookhagen and Manfred R. Strecker
Chapter 15 A overview of Tertiary Mammal Faunas and Birds from Western Amazonia (pages 243–258): Francisco Ricardo Negri, Jean Bocquentin?Villanueva, Jorge Ferigolo and Pierre?Olivier Antoine
Chapter sixteen Neogene Crocodile and Turtle Fauna in Northern South the United States (pages 259–280): Douglas Riff, Pedro Seyferth R. Romano, Gustavo Ribeiro Oliveira and Orangel A. Aguilera
Chapter 17 The Amazonian Neogene Fish Fauna (pages 281–301): John G. Lundberg, Mark H. Sabaj Perez, Wasila M. Dahdul and Orangel A. Aguilera
Chapter 18 Amazonian Aquatic Invertebrate Faunas (Mollusca, Ostracoda) and their improvement during the last 30 Million Years (pages 302–316): Frank P. Wesselingh and Maria?Ines F. Ramos
Chapter 19 The beginning of the fashionable Amazon Rainforest: Implications of the Palynological and Palaeobotanical list (pages 317–334): Carlos Jaramillo, Carina Hoorn, Silane A. F. Silva, Fatima Leite, Fabiany Herrera, Luis Quiroz, Rodolfo Dino and Luzia Antonioli
Chapter 20 Biotic improvement of Quaternary Amazonia: A Palynological point of view (pages 335–345): Hermann Behling, Mark Bush and Henry Hooghiemstra
Chapter 21 Contribution of present and ancient procedures to styles of Tree variety and Composition of the Amazon (pages 347–359): Hans ter Steege
Chapter 22 Composition and variety of Northwestern Amazonian Rainforests in a Geoecological Context (pages 360–372): Joost F. Duivenvoorden and Alvaro J. Duque
Chapter 23 Diversification of the Amazonian vegetation and its Relation to key Geological and Environmental occasions: A Molecular standpoint (pages 373–385): R. Toby Pennington and Christopher W. Dick
Chapter 24 Molecular reviews and Phylogeography of Amazonian Tetrapods and their Relation to Geological and Climatic types (pages 386–404): Alexandre Antonelli, Adrian Quijada?Mascarenas, Andrew J. Crawford, John M. Bates, Paul M. Velazco and Wolfgang Wuster
Chapter 25 Molecular Signatures of Neogene Biogeographical occasions within the Amazon Fish Fauna (pages 405–417): Nathan R. Lovejoy, Stuart C. Willis and James S. Albert
Chapter 26 at the beginning of Amazonian Landscapes and Biodiversity: A Synthesis (pages 419–431): Frank P. Wesselingh, Carina Hoorn, Salomon B. Kroonenberg, Alexandre Antonelli, John G. Lundberg, Hubert B. Vonhof and Henry Hooghiemstra
Read or Download Amazonia: Landscape and Species Evolution: A look into the past PDF
Best evolution books
With exceptional wit, readability, and intelligence, Richard Dawkins, one of many world's most famed evolutionary biologists, has brought numerous readers to the wonders of technological know-how in works equivalent to The egocentric Gene. Now, within the Ancestor's story, Dawkins deals a masterwork: an exciting opposite journey via evolution, from present-day people again to the microbial beginnings of lifestyles 4 billion years in the past.
Colonial dwelling is characterised through department of work and finely coordinated association; besides the fact that, many occasions inside of a colony are the results of conflicts among participants trying to maximize their very own pursuits. This interaction of cooperation and clash has raised many questions in evolutionary biology, in particular how cooperative habit is maintained within the absence of direct replica through staff.
To this point, the dominant paradigms by which glossy scientists have seen nature were established essentially round Newtonian and Darwinian methods. As theoretical ecologist Robert E. Ulanowicz observes in his new paintings, a 3rd Window, neither of those types is enough for explaining how actual change—in the shape of inventive increase or emergence—takes position in nature.
Ecology is in a hard kingdom as a systematic self-discipline. whereas a few theoretical ecologists try to construct a definition of ecology from first rules, many others are wondering even the feasibility of a normal and common thought. even as, it really is more and more vital that ecology is safely and functionally outlined for a iteration of researchers tackling escalating environmental difficulties within the face of doubt and war of words.
- Die interne Evolution von Organisationen: Evolutionstheoretischer Ansatz zur Erklärung organisationalen Wandels
- Climbing Mount Improbable
- Recasting reality: Wolfgang Pauli's philosophical ideas and contemporary science
- The Evolutionary Emergence of Language: Social Function and the Origins of Linguistic Form
- The Evolution of Protein Structure and Function. A Symposium in Honor of Professor Emil L. Smith
Additional info for Amazonia: Landscape and Species Evolution: A look into the past
See Chapter 15). , Chapter 16. (9) Middle Miocene Honda Group (La Venta Fauna), Magdalena Valley. , Chapter 16). Map made by D. Riff and J. van Arkel. et al. argue that in the past 30 Ma well-documented episodes of marine influence in Amazonia are limited to the Miocene. However, there is no evidence for fully established marine corridors (‘seaways’) throughout the South American continent in the Cenozoic. ). Megafans are low-gradient river systems choked by sediments, which force them to continuously change their courses.
2004): 11 30 20 10 0 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 Age (Ma) 3500 Fig. 2 Histograms for U-Pb ages for 369 grains of detrital zircon collected from the mouth of the Amazon River outlet show peaks in the Archean, Trans-Amazonian and Grenvillian intervals. Pb-Pb ages give similar results. The error bars correspond to 1σ. (After Rino et al. B. F. de Roever are based on Rb-Sr isochrons, which are now no longer thought to reflect the age of crystallization. Santos et al. (2000), on the basis of new U-Pb zircon ages, make a different subdivision.
The Itacaiúnas Supergroup in the Carajás Basin itself consists of a lower-grade metamorphic greenstone sequence, the Grão Pará Group, and a higher-grade Salobo Group (Tallarico et al. 2005). 74 Ga, according to SHRIMP zircon U-Pb datings (Trendall et al. 1998; Tallarico et al. 50 Ga. 7 Ga. The Grão Pará Group shows the classic greenstone succession of a mainly metabasaltic unit, locally with conspicuous pillow structures, minor meta-andesites and metarhyolites, followed by the BIF and topped by intermediate to acid metavolcanics and metasediments.
Amazonia: Landscape and Species Evolution: A look into the past by Carina Hoorn, Frank Wesselingh