Jeffrey C. Beane, Alvin L. Braswell, Joseph C. Mitchell,'s Amphibians and Reptiles of the Carolinas and Virginia PDF

By Jeffrey C. Beane, Alvin L. Braswell, Joseph C. Mitchell, William M. Palmer

ISBN-10: 0807871125

ISBN-13: 9780807871126

Revised and up to date to mirror the most up-tp-date technology, and together with 30 new species, this authoritative and accomplished quantity is the definitive advisor to the amphibians and reptiles of the Carolinas and Virginia. the hot version gains 189 species of salamanders, frogs, crocodilians, turtles, lizards, and snakes, with up-to-date colour images, descriptions, and distribution maps for every species. it's an critical consultant for zoologists, beginner naturalists, environmentalists, backpackers, campers, hikers, and everybody attracted to the outdoors.

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At least 11 species are probably endemic, and several others have over two-thirds of their ranges within the area. Only one species—the Eastern Newt—occurs virtually areawide. Most (62) of our salamanders are plethodontids—a dominant family with eight genera, three of which are large: Plethodon (29 46 AMPHIBIANS (CLASS AMPHIBIA) species), Desmognathus (17), and Eurycea (10). The only other large group is the Ambystomatidae, a family with seven species in our area, all in the genus Ambystoma. Nonetheless, our fauna is taxonomically diverse; three families and also five genera are each represented by only a single species.

It is listed as a species of Special Concern in North Carolina. ) Waterdogs differ from other large salamanders by having 4 toes on each hind foot and conspicuous external gills that are retained throughout life. This species differs from the Common Mudpuppy in having a lighter dorsal color with more pattern contrast and a more heavily spotted belly. Juveniles lack the dark stripe on the back characteristic of that species. Dark spots form gradually in juveniles, first on the back and then, as maturity approaches, 52 AMPHIBIANS (CLASS AMPHIBIA) on the belly.

The first is historical: the seaboard of Virginia and the Carolinas was explored and colonized early—as early as more northern states and earlier than states to the south. The second factor is biological: the amount of the fauna itself, numerous in species and individuals, is three times the size of that of New England and twice that to be found from Delaware northward. Our fauna includes such spectacular elements as alligators, sea turtles, rattlesnakes, amphiumas, and vociferous and colorful frogs, all of which were duly reported in early travelers’ accounts, sometimes faithfully and sometimes with the colorful embellishment of folklore.

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Amphibians and Reptiles of the Carolinas and Virginia by Jeffrey C. Beane, Alvin L. Braswell, Joseph C. Mitchell, William M. Palmer

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