By Lewis Henry Morgan
Lewis Henry Morgan studied the yank Indian lifestyle and picked up an incredible quantity of real fabric at the historical past of primitive-communal society. all of the conclusions he attracts are in line with those evidence; the place he lacks them, he purposes again at the foundation of the knowledge to be had to him. He made up our minds the periodization of primitive society through linking all the sessions with the advance of construction suggestions. The “great series of innovations and discoveries;” and the background of associations, with each one of its 3 branches — relatives, estate and govt — represent the growth made by means of human society from its earliest levels to the start of civilization. Mankind won this development via 'the slow evolution in their psychological and ethical powers via event, and in their protracted fight with opposing stumbling blocks whereas successful their solution to civilization.'
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Extra info for Ancient Society (Classics of Anthropology)
Of the remaining years, twenty thousand, or one-fifth, should be assigned to the Older PeFor the Middle and Later Periods riod of barbarism. there remain fifteen thousand years, leaving five thousand, more or less, for the period of civilization. The relative length of the period of savagery is more Without discussing the likely under than over stated. principles on which this apportionment is made, it may be remarked that in addition to the argument from the geometrical progression under which human development of necessity has occurred, a graduated scale of progress has been universally observed in remains of ancient art, and this will be found equally true of institutions.
Would form a basis for further advancement; but this must have been nearly imperceptible for ages upon ages, the obstacles to progress nearly balancing the energies The achievements of savagery arrayed against them. are not particularly remarkable in character, but they represent an amazing amount of persistent labor with feeble means continued through long periods of time before reaching a fair degree of completeness. The bow and arrow afford an illustration. inferiority of savage man in the mental and moral undeveloped, inexperienced, and held down by his low animal appetites and passions, though reluctantly recognized, is, nevertheless, substantially demonstrated by the remains of ancient art in flint stone and bone implements, by his cave life in certain areas, and by his It is still further illustrated by osteological remains.
Farinaceous Subsistence demonstrated. through Cultivation. leave Savagery and enter the lower Status of barbarism. The cultivation of cereals and plants was unknown in the Western hemisphere except among the tribes who had emerged from savagery; and it seems to have been unknown in the Eastern hemisphere until after the tribes of Asia and Europe had passed through the Lower, and had drawn near to the close of the Middle Status of barbarism. It gives us the singular fact that the American aborigines in the Lower Status of barbarism were in possession of horticulture one entire ethnical period earlier than the inhabitants of the Eastern hemiIt was a consequence of the unequal endowsphere.
Ancient Society (Classics of Anthropology) by Lewis Henry Morgan