Download e-book for kindle: Anolis Lizards of the Caribbean: Ecology, Evolution, and by Jonathan Roughgarden

By Jonathan Roughgarden

ISBN-10: 0195067312

ISBN-13: 9780195067316

ISBN-10: 1423764420

ISBN-13: 9781423764427

The Anolis lizards of the Caribbean are very best for the research of evolutionary ecology. supplying attention-grabbing insights into the greater than a hundred and fifty species dispersed in the course of the Caribbean islands, Jonathan Roughgarden information the diversities among species in quite a lot of behavioral and actual features, together with foraging behaviors, physique dimension, and habitat use, because of evolutionary divergences concurrent with the plate-tectonic origins of the sector. This e-book might be of curiosity to scholars and researchers--ecology and theoretical, tropical, and inhabitants biology.

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Extra resources for Anolis Lizards of the Caribbean: Ecology, Evolution, and Plate Tectonics (Oxford Series in Ecology and Evolution)

Sample text

8 per s. 2 seconds in which to effect its capture. 0. Energy as a criterion • 43 In the future, considerations from functional morphology can be incorporated into the fi, coefficients. Although we are viewing the fi as properties of the insect, these coefficients are more correctly viewed as properties of both the insect and the lizard. A bug can more easily escape from a clumsy lizard than from an agile lizard. E. E. Williams [383, 385] introduced the idea of an "ecomorph" to describe the characteristic shapes and sizes of anoles that occupy typical kinds of vegetation structure.

At first the lizard takes prey beyond the optimal cutoff distance. But by the 60th episode it has learned the optimal cutoff distance to the resolution of this simulation. Notice the lizard seems to learn exactly where the cutoff is, because after the 60th episode it ignores prey even slightly beyond the optimal cutoff, and pursues prey even slightly within the optimal cutoff. Further runs with the program, not illustrated, show that the time required to learn where the optimum cutoff is depends on the distance of the first prey item caught.

Next, the resting metabolic rate is given as a function of body mass as computed from the SVL [23, 24]. Moreover, the resting metabolic rate is generally measured with fasted animals resting in the dark and approximates the minimal resting costs. 10. Moving to active states, the cost of pursuing a prey item is attributed both to the incremental aerobic metabolism as measured in the respiration rate of a lizard running on a treadmill [23] and to anaerobic metabolism wherein lactic acid is reconverted to glycogen [26, 25, 23, 229].

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Anolis Lizards of the Caribbean: Ecology, Evolution, and Plate Tectonics (Oxford Series in Ecology and Evolution) by Jonathan Roughgarden

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