By Keith Krause
This booklet analyzes the underlying constitution and dynamic forces that experience formed the foreign alternate in hands from the improvement of army applied sciences within the 15th and 16th centuries to the twentieth-century revolutions in weaponry. the writer discusses the political, financial and armed forces motivations that force states to supply and export palms, and examines different ways that states reply to those motivations. by way of targeting the strategies of technological innovation and diffusion he's capable of cartoon an evolutionary photo of the diffusion of recent army expertise, and position the present fingers alternate in ancient viewpoint.
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Extra resources for Arms and the State: Patterns of Military Production and Trade
Also omitted from it are any unique elements that may vary from epoch to epoch: since history is not a ceaselessly monotonous cyclical repetition, one would expect 32 CONCLUDING COMMENTS transformation as well as repetition, as each epoch may share a similar evolution, but build on previous changes. The most obvious (but not the only) transformation is the progressively increasing destructiveness of weapons. Another would be the progressive capture of the process of technological innovation by state policy, which as it ceases to be an exogenous variable marginalises all but those states that can mobilise vast amounts of capital, draw upon a pool of skilled innovators and offer a large market.
27 It is beyond the scope of this book to try to break the Gordian knot of cause and effect, but one of my theses is that although a distinctively modern military industrial complex can be identified, a much greater continuity in its evolution is evident when one examines the links between state power and the earlier stages of military innovation. Although direct state support may not have been provided to innovation, it is an oversimplification to argue that 'knowledge (construed either as pure or applied science, or an industrial network, or as the content of education) .
The shift from the matchlock to the flintlock, from powdered to corned gunpowder, and from the Little Willie tank of the First World War to the Centurion all represent greater or lesser incremental innovations in military technology. Most importantly these innovations, dramatic as their impact may have been on the battlefield, do not require any fundamental restructuring of strategy and organisation for warfare (although tactics were certainly affected). Occasionally, however, innovations break out of a given production function and so alter the character of military strategy, organisation and planning as to qualify as revolutionary.
Arms and the State: Patterns of Military Production and Trade by Keith Krause