By Dymond A.
The learn investigates ancient and present examples of uneven fees and person price lists in fixed-to-mobile interconnection regimes this present day. It addresses quite a lot of comparable matters and questions: patron affordability; shopper schooling and know-how; numbering plan and billing; no matter if particular expense versions will be required; and no matter if uneven termination fees, whereas getting rid of present marketplace distortions, could create different distortions. replacement implementation thoughts also are thought of, with a watch to practicality for constructing nations. It concludes that the idea that is possible, and the research extra offers rules for piloting the concept that in a constrained variety of nations.
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Additional resources for Asymmetric Interconnection Charges for Rural Areas: Addressing the Interconnection Challenge in Developing Countries
Total maximum cost is $500. 30 WORLD BANK WORKING PAPER In summary, regulators should leave all registration or control to the operators to decide what mode of control they wish to exercise, and to merely monitor the process. At the most, the regulator may to request that the operators to publish the terms of revenue sharing agreement offered to rural pay phone retailers, and to provide a list of localities where they have telephone service retailers in operation, as well as localities where they would like to have them.
Thus withholding rural access rates from the most likely candidates for subsidy could penalize them as compared to other, perhaps less appropriate technologies. The Grameen Phone experience in Bangladesh, similar cases in India (for example, Spice Telecom), and many observed applications in Uganda, to name only a few, illustrate how important the mobile networks are becoming. The mobile network is the first to reach many areas, for example in Africa, and the dominance of mobile may be quite permanent because of the convenience of wireless and mobility services.
We have noted the potential obstacles represented by the limitations of call accounting and billing systems, especially in some incumbents’ networks. Effective interconnection billing requires the following elements: call accounting, call rating, and charging/billing. 25. Standard numbering plan assignments are thus: NPA-NXX-XXXX, where the NPA (numbering plan area) is the ‘area code’ and the NXX either designates a local exchange or a numbering block within a local exchange. 26. This problem and solution occurred in Chile.
Asymmetric Interconnection Charges for Rural Areas: Addressing the Interconnection Challenge in Developing Countries by Dymond A.