By W. B. Quay (auth.), Dietland Müller-Schwarze, Maxwell M. Mozell (eds.)
From June 6 to nine, 1976, approximately a hundred and forty contributors (physiologists, chemists, ecologists, animal behaviorists, and psychologists) accumulated within the Gideon Putnam lodge at Saratoga Springs, big apple for a symposium entitled "Chemical signs in Vertebrates". the point of interest of this symposium, backed by means of the USA nationwide technological know-how origin, used to be on chemical conversation in greater animals, so much particularly mammals. This incorporated the chemical nature, construction, and reception of chemical indications, and their modulating results on habit. just about all the world's laboratories operating during this zone have been represented. It was once the 1st assembly of its sort, and even supposing the physiological points of flavor and odor at the one hand and bug pheromones at the different have formerly been handled in numerous superb symposia, they've got now not ahead of been handled as a again drop to chemical verbal exchange in vertebrates. the sphere of insect pheromones is easily constructed, with countless numbers of lively compounds pointed out. against this, in vertebrates merely six mammalian phero mones in as many species were pointed out chemically by means of 1976.
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Extra resources for Chemical Signals in Vertebrates
Spayed females also showed a less marked reduction in gland size. Odour gradually disappeared in both sexes. Restoration of glandular size and activity in either sex was achieved by injection for three weeks of testosterone propionate, or - though the effect was less - of progesterone. Abdominal Gland of the Gerbil ( Meriones ungulatus) The abdominal gland of the gerbil is a discrete pad of sebaceous glands in the midline of the abdomen, about 25 rom long and 5 rom wide in tile adult male, and somewhat smaller in the female.
The molecules, synthesized by one animal, affect the physiology and behavior of another of the same species. Many studies relating pheromones to endocrine changes have been performed on laboratory mice and usually involved urine as the attractant source (Whitten, 1969). Some studies gave clear indication that the preputial gland secretions was responsible for the behavioral responses (Stanley and Powell, 1941; Bronson and Caroom, 1971). Rats have been reported to recognize the odors of stressed and non-stressed rats (Valenta and Rigby, 1968; Stevens and Koster, (1972) also to differentiate the sex of the animal.
Br. J. Derm. 71: 102116. B. P. 1975. Steroid-cell interactions. Butterworths, London. KrahenbUhl, C. A. 1969. Interactions between a-MSH and sex steroids on the preputial glands of female rats. Experientia, 25: 1193-1195. L. and Lancaster, G. 1957. Anterior pituitary preparation with tropic activity for sebaceous, preputial and Harderian glands. Science 126:209-222. Martan, J. 1962. Effect of castration and androgen replacement on the supracaudal gland of the male guinea pig. J. Morph. 110: 285-298.
Chemical Signals in Vertebrates by W. B. Quay (auth.), Dietland Müller-Schwarze, Maxwell M. Mozell (eds.)