By A.N. Rai, B. Bergman, Ulla Rasmussen
Cyanobacterial symbioses aren't any longer considered as mere oddities yet as vital elements of the biosphere, happening either in terrestrial and aquatic habitats world wide. it really is changing into obvious that they could input into symbiosis with a greater variety of organisms than hitherto identified, and there are numerous extra nonetheless to be chanced on, rather in marine environments. The chapters disguise cyanobacterial symbioses with crops (algae, bryophytes, Azolla, cycads, Gunnera), cyanobacterial symbioses in marine environments, lichens, Nostoc-Geosiphon (a fungus heavily concerning arbuscular mycorrhiza fungi) symbiosis, and synthetic institutions of cyanobacteria with economically very important vegetation. moreover, cyanobiont variety, sensing-signalling, and evolutionary elements of the symbiosis are handled. popular specialists actively fascinated by learn on cyanobacterial symbioses take care of ecological, physiological, biochemical, molecular, and utilized elements of all recognized cyanobacterial symbioses. This quantity on cyanobacteria in symbiosis enhances the 2 past volumes on cyanobacteria released through Kluwer (Molecular Biology of Cyanobacteria, edited by way of D.A. Bryant and Ecology of Cyanobacteria, edited through B.A. Whitton and M. Potts). jointly, the 3 volumes give you the so much finished therapy of cyanobacterial literature as a complete. The booklet will function a invaluable reference paintings and textual content for instructing and learn within the box of plant-microbe interactions and nitrogen fixation.
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Extra info for Cyanobacteria in Symbiosis
Schnepf, E. (1964) Zur Feinstruktur von Geosiphon pyriforme, Arch. Mikrobiol. 49, 289-309. Schüßler, A. (1999) Glomales SSU rRNA gene diversity, New Phytol. 144, 205-207. Schüßler, A. (2000) Glomus claroideum forms an arbuscular mycorrhiza-like symbiosis with the hornwort Anthoceros punctatus, Mycorrhiza 10, 15-21. Schüßler, A. (2002) Molecular phylogeny, taxonomy, and evolution of arbuscular mycorrhiza fungi and Geosiphon pyriformis, Plant Soil, in press. Schüßler, A. and Kluge, M. (2001) Geosiphon pyriforme, an endosymbiosis between fungus and cyanobacteria, and its meaning as a model for arbuscular mycorrhiza research, in B.
This may represent a significant advantage in the competition for limiting resources, such as light, water and mineral dust (Raven, 1993). A three-dimensional thallus also lifts the photobionts above the surface boundary layer of the substrate. Many foliose and fruticose lichens have high surface-to-volume ratios and low heat capacities. Thus, they provide ideal condensation points for atmospheric humidity (Rikkinen, 1995, 1997). 1. Types of Cyanolichens On the basis of symbiont composition most cyanolichens can be conveniently divided into two main groups: bipartite and tripartite cyanolichens.
1979), these nonmotile strains also fit well into the more classical circumscriptions of Nostoc (Paulsrud, 2001). Several botanical names have been used for morphologically different strains of lichen-forming Nostoc. The cyanobionts of many cyanolichens, like various species of Peltigera, have been called Nostoc punctiforme (Tschermak-Woess, 1988). On the other hand, at least Nostoc commune, N. microscopicum, N. muscorum, N. punctiforme, and N. sphaericum have been identified as cyanobionts in different Collema species (Degelius, 1954).
Cyanobacteria in Symbiosis by A.N. Rai, B. Bergman, Ulla Rasmussen