Read e-book online Design and Test of Digital Circuits by Quantum-DOT Cellular PDF

By Huang J. (ed.), Lombardi F. (ed.)

Here's the 1st e-book dedicated to quantum-dot mobile automata (QCA) - an rising nanoelectronic circuit layout know-how that a growing number of specialists are viewing as a high-quality substitute to present applied sciences. QCA offers to assist practitioners in achieving room temperature operation and observe advancements in velocity, density and gear over present (CMOS) structures. This groundbreaking source presents a finished view of QCA, displaying practitioners find out how to paintings with this state of the art know-how. The ebook bargains an in-depth knowing of the layout, try, disorder tolerance, and computing device aided layout help for QCA. It identifies and discusses the main demanding situations dealing with QCA and gives attainable suggestions to those matters. also, pros discover a entire nanotechnology survey, detailing the benefits and drawbacks of assorted applied sciences.

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Bushnell, “A Tutorial on the Emerging Nanotechnology Devices,” International Conf. VLSI Design, 2004, pp. 343-360. , N. Franklin, and J. Han, “Exploiting the Properties of Carbon Nanotubes for Nanolithography,” Appl. Phys. ,Vol. 73, No. 11, 1998, pp. 1508-1510. , “Nanotubes as Nanoprobes in Scanning Probe Microscopy,” Nature,Vol. 384, No. 6605, 1996, pp. 147-150. [18] Wong, S. , “Covalently Functionalized Nanotubes as Nanometre-Sized Probes in Chemistry and Biology,” Nature ,Vol. 394, No. 6688, 1998, pp.

All cells within the same zone are allowed to switch simultaneously, while cells in different zones are isolated. 13(b); initially, subarray1 switches according to the fixed input, and subarray2 shows no definite polarization at this time. Then, subarray1 enters the Hold phase; at this time subarray2 starts switching. As subarray3 is in the Relaxed state, it will not influence the computational state of subarray2. Next, subarray1 is moved to a Release phase; subarray2 is in the Hold state and serves as the input to subarray3 (which is in the switch phase).

8(a) [42]. When V = 0 the device acts as a single-electron trap; an electron may be pulled into the island, resulting in an increase of the voltage U ; then, it may be pushed out by decreasing U . If V = 0, an electron is received at the source (when U increases) and delivered to the drain (when U decreases) [35]. 8 Schematic Diagram of Single-Electron (a) Turnstile (b) Pump (From [35]. c 1999 IEEE. 8(b)) the signals Ui (t) that are applied to each electrode are phase-shifted to form a potential wave gliding along the island array, leading an electron from source to drain.

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Design and Test of Digital Circuits by Quantum-DOT Cellular Automata by Huang J. (ed.), Lombardi F. (ed.)


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