By Nicole R. Rice
In late-fourteenth-century England, the power query of the way to reside the simplest lifestyles preoccupied many pious Christians. One resolution was once supplied via a brand new style of prose courses that tailored expert spiritual principles and workouts for lay audiences. those texts engaged with a number of the related cultural questions as poets like Langland and Chaucer; even though, they've got now not obtained the serious awareness they deserve beforehand. Nicole Rice analyses how the belief of spiritual self-discipline was once translated into diverse literary kinds in an environment of non secular switch and controversy. via contemplating the subjects of religious self-discipline, spiritual id, and orthodoxy in Langland and Chaucer, the learn additionally brings clean views to endure on Piers Plowman and The Canterbury stories. This new juxtaposition of religious assistance and poetry will shape a tremendous contribution to our knowing of either authors and of past due medieval spiritual perform and suggestion.
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Extra resources for Lay Piety and Religious Discipline in Middle English Literature
E uttre is mislich. ” Although its most fundamental meaning is “perseverance,” the term also denotes physical permanence in the cloister, originally expected of every monk. While later medieval male monastic life tended to privilege this moral meaning of the term, allowing increased movement out of the cloister, female monastic life required ever-stricter forms of literal stabilitas, enforced through enclosure. Chaucer’s “outridere” Monk of the General Prologue may be extreme in his contempt for the “reule .
Meditation is the granarer). The meditation ends with a sudden incursion into the abbey by the Devil and his four daughters, Envy, Presumption, Detraction, and False Judgment, who are finally repelled by the monastic inmates with the help of the Holy Spirit. More than “joining together” with other subjects, the Abbey emphasizes individual stability as a prelude to effective self-regulation. The Abbey carefully targets Translations of the cloister: regulating spiritual aspiration a wide range of lay readers, those who enthusiastically sought spiritual capital through affiliation with religious houses, with a guide that offers them a chance to engage in independent self-discipline and meditation without causing social disruption or evading clerical mediation.
Lay individuals may have founded chantries and supported stipendiary priests primarily for the sake of securing their own immortal souls, but these priests also contributed to meeting liturgical needs and pastoral demands that had developed in the wake of the plague. ” Founding a chantry often meant taking an active role in supporting liturgical practice. Chantry foundation and the support of stipendiary priests also enabled laity to superintend and participate vicariously in other clerical functions with wider effects on the surrounding community.
Lay Piety and Religious Discipline in Middle English Literature by Nicole R. Rice