Download PDF by Adeline Masquelier: Prayer Has Spoiled Everything: Possession, Power, and

By Adeline Masquelier

ISBN-10: 0822326337

ISBN-13: 9780822326335

ISBN-10: 0822326396

ISBN-13: 9780822326397

ISBN-10: 0822380552

ISBN-13: 9780822380559

Bori, within the Mawri society of Niger, are mischievous and invisible beings that populate the bush. Bori is usually the perform of taming those wild forces within the context of ownership ceremonies. In Prayer Has Spoiled Everything Adeline Masquelier deals an account of ways this phenomenon intervenes—sometimes subtly, occasionally dramatically—in human lives, delivering a consistently renewed resource of that means for Mawri peasants faced with cultural contradictions and socio-economic marginalization.
To discover the function of bori ownership in neighborhood definitions of background, energy, and id, Masquelier spent a complete of 2 years in Niger, targeting the varied ways that spirit mediums proportion, remodel, and contest a swiftly altering fact, threatened by means of Muslim hegemony and monetary hassle. She explains how the unfold of Islam has provoked irreversible switch within the sector and the way prayer—a conspicuous section of everyday life that has develop into nearly synonymous with Islamic perform during this sector of west Africa—has therefore develop into equated with the lack of culture. via targeting a few of the inventive and complicated ways in which bori immediately competes with and borrows from Islam, Masquelier unearths how ownership still is still deeply embedded in Mawri tradition, representing greater than basic resistance to Islam, patriarchy, or the country. regardless of a widening hole among former methods of existence and the contradictions of the current, it keeps its position as a function of lifestyle within which villagers take part with various levels of enthusiasm and approval.
Specialists in African stories, within the anthropology of faith, and within the old differences of colonial and postcolonial societies will welcome this study.

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Extra info for Prayer Has Spoiled Everything: Possession, Power, and Identity in an Islamic Town of Niger (Body, Commodity, Text)

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Today the term is used mainly to differentiate what has become a tenuous religious minority from the pockets of ‘yan bori and the fast-growing community of Muslims who occupy Arewa. Throughout the area, the number of Azna has been rapidly dwindling in the face of Islamic expansion. Where they remain, their role as ritual experts and guardians of local ‘‘heritage’’ ( gado) has often been eclipsed by the part ‘yan bori play in the religious affairs of Arewa communities. , ,    The Arewa region was first occupied in the sixteenth century by the Gubawa (plural of Ba’gube), who came from the east and allegedly found an empty territory upon their arrival.

Marginality need not be a negative quality that refers to a lack or a want. It need not be passively experienced but may be actively constructed by individuals seeking to demarcate themselves from the cultural, political, or religious order they reject (Turner ). Jean Comaroff has eloquently demonstrated how Zionist practice allows marginalized South Africans to separate themselves from neocolonial culture, thereby empowering them (). When adroitly negotiated, marginality can thus become a source of empowerment and a means of self-assertion.

In drawing particular attention to the imaginative and agentive dimensions of possession, one may describe bori as a force in constant flux, whose representations remain perpetually shifting, often contested, and rarely totally articulated. It will be seen that the potency of bori in changing contexts of engagement between the local and the global is intimately tied to the historical circumstances in which its images and practices acquire their meanings. Anthropological Approaches to Possession Possession in its various cultural forms has long been an object of fascination for social scientists and psychiatrists attempting to interpret the nature of this profound religious drama.

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Prayer Has Spoiled Everything: Possession, Power, and Identity in an Islamic Town of Niger (Body, Commodity, Text) by Adeline Masquelier


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