By Richard J. Sundberg
This interesting new quantity offers a finished but concise evaluate of the chemical points of a few of the key options and adjustments that happened through the twentieth century, bearing on chemical constructions and homes to real-life functions.
Developed for a path taught through the writer for a number of years at UVA, the writer covers the real and consequential advancements in chemistry and explains their daily, real-life purposes. those contain such subject matters as purchaser items, fossil gas use, polymers, agriculture, nutrition construction, nutrients, explosives, and medication. The part Molecular Biology and Its purposes contains examples of the appliance of biotechnology and genetic engineering. The ebook solutions such questions as
• What does "octane quantity" suggest?
• what's "Spandex"?
• What are the entire elements in my frozen pizza and why are they there?
• what's in my favourite headache therapy and the way does it paintings?
• How can medicines have an effect on psychological outlook and serve as?
• How are genetically transformed organisms bought and the way are they used?
Broad in scope, The Chemical Century presents comprehensible examples of discoveries and their purposes in addition to short anecdotal details on a few to the main participants and the situations lower than which the discoveries have been made. Interspersed in many of the chapters are short summaries discoveries. those sections contain numerous biographical, historic, or political/economic historical past touching on the actual topic.
The significant financial, environmental, and regulatory features are touched upon to boot. for instance, the booklet considers hydrocarbon fuels and their function in international warming; the problem of residues in meals; and multi-drug resistance and antibiotics.
There is little exact chemistry, however the fabric is obvious in describing chemical constructions and in concerning these constructions to the houses of the fabrics. The publication contains a number of figures and tables to demonstrate and bring complex details. Many chemical buildings, together with approximately 50 schemes with a number of constructions, are basically and easily provided to boot.
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Additional resources for The Chemical Century : Molecular Manipulation and Its Impact on the 20th Century
The thrust is increased by high fuel density and formation of low molecular weight gaseous products, because this maximizes the volume of gas that is produced. The primary impetus for the development of rocket systems after WWII was for military purposes and each branch of the armed services developed systems that were appropriate for its needs. Systems for the placement of satellites for intelligence purposes were also developed. In the 1960s, rocket engines were used for launching vehicles for space exploration.
Liquid H2 is also used in Ariane 5, Delta-IV, and Centaur rocket engines. 5 °C) is a potential alternative liquid fuel. Like hydrogen, it requires low temperature and pressurized storage and transfer. So far, is has not been used in any operational rocket systems. Explosives and Propellants: Power to Breach Mountains 25 Hydrazine derivatives are also used as fuels in rockets and missiles. The oxidants used are nitric acid or N2O4. These materials ignite on contact and are called hypergolic fuels.
Alfred Nobel traveled extensively pursuing his business interests but never married. He spoke German, French, English, and Russian, as well as his native Swedish. He moved in the highest circles of business and finance but was also well known among the writers and intellectuals in France. He had homes in Paris, Italy, and Sweden but at the time of his death he was not a legal resident of any country. He was a supporter of international peace efforts, although in the press he was depicted as a war profiteer.
The Chemical Century : Molecular Manipulation and Its Impact on the 20th Century by Richard J. Sundberg