By Natalio Fernndez Marcos, Wilfred G. E. Watson
This article bargains with the origins of the Septuagint, the 1st translation of the Hebrew Bible into Greek. It discusses its linguistic and cultural body and its relation to the hebrew textual content and to the Qumran records. It comprises the early revisions and the Christian recensions in addition to different concerns resembling the relation of the Septuagint to Hellenism, to the recent testomony and to early Christian literature.
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Additional resources for The Septuagint in Context: Introduction to the Greek Version of the Bible
I 1-37. ; " l a Ian-gue de la Septanre". 31. , Ii? Hihlii p q u e d a Srplanti.. 223-66. Kapsomcnos, S. G.. "Dip giechische Spraclrc zhischen koini. und rreugriechisch". BmCl~lerunt X I Inlem. Bjzanlinikrz-fiqre~s, Munich 1958, I 39 (wiih a lcnyl~y bibliography on ihe inscriptions, papyri and modcrn Greck as an indirect sourcc fix thc linmistic nhr:nomena of koini). ; "Dir fi;ntstchunu; der KoinC". w~ 144, X . Vienna 1900. , "Greek in Palestine and the lliaspora". irh People in Ute 17irxl Cmturv.
I n thc same way, Ulhlas used Gothic (;up to translate the 8ebS of the 1,XX not bccausc the Goths understood Gub to mean what Jewish Christians understood by 0 ~ but 6 ~bccausc this Germanic term could be adopted as a rough equivalent of the Grcck tern. " E. A. -C. ~~ Madrid 1987, and \I. ay Teotia; Madrid 1994. '"re C. I3omic~. ~, , BS 9 l I. esneciallv 1'.. Tov and R. G. JVrieht. "CornuulerAssisted Sturly 01 thc Criteria f o ~ Assessins . XX;'? '7eulw 12 (1985); 119 87. 28 THE LINGUISTIC AND CL~~TUTAL SETTING Of course this discrepancy, which is inherent to every translation, is in some way alleviated by the capacity of chc context to reabsorb the semantic discrepancy due to the diKcrcnt arcas of mcaning (oligoscmy-polysemy) of the corresponding words in one or othcr language especially when onc translates mechanically.
G. JVrieht. "CornuulerAssisted Sturly 01 thc Criteria f o ~ Assessins . XX;'? '7eulw 12 (1985); 119 87. 28 THE LINGUISTIC AND CL~~TUTAL SETTING Of course this discrepancy, which is inherent to every translation, is in some way alleviated by the capacity of chc context to reabsorb the semantic discrepancy due to the diKcrcnt arcas of mcaning (oligoscmy-polysemy) of the corresponding words in one or othcr language especially when onc translates mechanically. " Thcsc linguistic thcorics have becn fruitful in the translations of the Bible into modem languages, especially pre-literary primitive languagcs, w-here the technique of dynamic ecluivalenls has its maximum application.
The Septuagint in Context: Introduction to the Greek Version of the Bible by Natalio Fernndez Marcos, Wilfred G. E. Watson