By Connolly, Joy; Cicero, Marcus Tullius
Rhetorical conception, the center of Roman schooling, taught ideas of public talking which are nonetheless influential this day. yet Roman rhetoric has lengthy been considered as having little vital to claim approximately political rules. The kingdom of Speech offers a forceful problem to this view. the 1st e-book to learn Roman rhetorical writing as a method of political suggestion, it makes a speciality of Rome's maximum practitioner and theorist of public speech, Cicero. via new readings of his dialogues and treatises, pleasure Connolly exhibits how Cicero's therapy of the Greek rhetorical tradition's significant questions is formed by means of his perfect of the republic and the citizen. Rhetoric, Connolly argues, sheds new mild on Cicero's private political preoccupations: the formation of person and communal identification, the communicative position of the physique, and the "unmanly" features of politics, specifically civility and compromise.
Transcending conventional traces among rhetorical and political conception, The kingdom of Speech is an important contribution to the present debate over the function of public speech in Roman politics. rather than a traditional, top-down version of strength, it sketches a dynamic version of authority and consent enacted via oratorical functionality and examines how oratory modeled an ethics of citizenship for the hundreds in addition to the elite. It explains how imperial Roman rhetoricians reshaped Cicero's perfect republican citizen to fulfill the recent political stipulations of autocracy, and defends Ciceronian notion as a source for modern democracy.
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Additional resources for The state of speech : rhetoric and political thought in Ancient Rome
Taylor, Roman Voting Assemblies, 11ff. 37 See Nicolet, The World of the Citizen, 89–110, 149–206. 38 Quotation of the Digest adapted from the useful discussion of Gardner, Being a Roman Citizen, 88; extended discussion of the basis of limiting women’s roles and legal capacity, 94–107. 39 Pina Polo, “Procedures and functions of civil and military contiones in Rome,” 205–15. 34 CHAPTER ONE gauge of public opinion. In 59, he happily informs Atticus that a crowd listening to Julius Caesar attack his consular colleague withheld their applause (Att.
29 The senatorial order established and reinforced its political authority by establishing patron-client relations, which created local and provincial networks of economic and social obligation; by retaining control of priestly colleges that oversaw the religious life of the city; by linking political magistracies to military leadership roles; and by competing for status. 30 Magistrates were empowered to execute decrees so 28 I will avoid the word “aristocracy” because (1) it ignores the fact that tribunes and “new men,” important ﬁgures in public discourse, came from a broader group than the arguably “aristocratic” order of the ancient established families, and (2) it carries anachronistic overtones of hereditary court culture in medieval and early modern Europe (cf.
He seeks to make the difference between virtuous Roman rhetoric and other types of speech an essential difference, one of nature rather than degree. As a result, his strategy exploits essentialist notions of national and gender identity in order to redescribe the artiﬁces of trained eloquence as the quintessence of manly nature, which in Cicero’s always universalizing hands becomes assimilated to Roman citizenship and, in turn, human nature. If Cicero aims to present his ideal orator and ideal citizen as undifferentiated, whole, pure, and uncomplicated embodiments of Roman virtue, however, these impressions are always undone from within.
The state of speech : rhetoric and political thought in Ancient Rome by Connolly, Joy; Cicero, Marcus Tullius