By Rita Temmerman
In accordance with an empirical research of categorisation and lexicalisation approaches in a corpus of clinical guides at the lifestyles sciences, Rita Temmerman questions the validity of conventional terminology conception. Her findings are that the normal method impedes a realistic and practical description of a giant variety of different types and phrases. encouraged through the cognitive sciences, she develops an alternate. the most ideas of this new concept suggest: a mixed semasiological and onomasiological point of view; purely few different types may be truly delineated; shape and content material of definitions range based on classification varieties and user's standards; synonymy and polysemy are practical in unique language and a diachronic process is unavoidable. This final precept implies the various significance of historic details in definitions, the non-arbitrariness of lexicalisation and the significance of cognitive models.
In a final bankruptcy the writer indicates how the tools and rules of the choice technique are appropriate in terminography and the way this is often going to influence software program for terminological database construction.
This ebook could be worthy for experts in terminology conception, working towards terminographers and for anyone drawn to certain language, cognitive versions and prototype thought.
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It is a 3-in-1 reference publication. It provides a whole clinical dictionary masking 1000's of phrases and expressions when it comes to methylphenidate. It additionally offers vast lists of bibliographic citations. eventually, it presents details to clients on tips on how to replace their wisdom utilizing numerous net assets.
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Additional resources for Towards New Ways of Terminology Description: The Sociocognitive-Approach (Terminology and Lexicography Research and Practice)
Traditional Terminology does not concentrate on the human dimen9. More details on the interplay between these three elements of the ‘semantic triangle’ (Gomperz 1908) are given in chapter two. A SCIENTIFIC STUDY OF TERMINOLOGY 21 sion of conceptualisation. It does not want to consider that categories can be the result of conception in the mind and not solely of what can be perceived objectively. The role of language in thinking and understanding and representing the world is not exploited either.
Language is treated like an object, a product, a commodity whereas linguistic reality tells us a different story. Traditional Terminology adheres to the underlying assumption that it is possible to achieve a one concept-one term situation by treating concepts as if they were languageindependent. In the corpus of life-science-related texts we studied we find evidence that polysemy and synonymy are necessary (functional) and inevitable aspects of terminology. g. Southern blotting, Southern hybridisation and Southern transfer is functional too, as the different terms allow for the expression of shifting perspectives and are not arbitrary.
The problem, which is solved differently by different authors, then becomes: is the meaning of a word (a lexeme) the concept or the individual object in the world. Distinctions are made between, on the one hand, meaning and sense (for Lyons sense is cognitive or descriptive meaning), and on the other hand, sense and reference.
Towards New Ways of Terminology Description: The Sociocognitive-Approach (Terminology and Lexicography Research and Practice) by Rita Temmerman